Antique Jingasa with a family crest
Period: Estimated mid-late Edo period
Prime Material: Wood
We classify this item as the Jingasa (陣笠). It is usually made from metal or leather, and Ashigaru (足軽, infantry) and low-ranked soldiers wore it. They substituted it for the Kabuto. Since the tactics of placing infantry on the front lines became the mainstream, it was a primary matter of how the infantry gained high mobility. Therefore, they wore simple armor with minimal functionality to protect themselves, unlike the luxurious armor of high-ranked Samurais. Crests or marks were drawn on the front of the Jingasa to make it a sign for judging each affiliation. As mentioned above, commanders of Samurai enjoyed decorative elements for their Kabutos to show dignity or their belief, etcetera. In contrast to these Kabutos, the Jingasas usually have a pretty simple design. As Jingasas were treated as consumable supplies at that time, it is rare to find a good condition one. We guess it is possible that an Ashigaru wore this Jingasa.
*As this item is an antique, please check each photo and ensure its condition.
You see the golden mark on the front. It is a family crest and is categorized as the Hidari Mitsu Domoe (左三つ巴) pattern. It is a kind of the Tomoe (巴) design. There are several theories about the origin of this motif. According to an idea, it was modeled on the shape of the Magatama (勾玉, comma-shaped bead), or it was based on the swirling of flowing water. It is also said that the Tomoe pattern comes from the Tomo (靹). It is a tool attached to the inside of the left wrist when shooting a bow to prevent the bowstring from hitting the arm or bracelet after shooting an arrow. The Tomoe pattern represents water so that people treated it as a talisman to prevent fire. It was often applied to the roof tiles of shrines. It is because people believed the Tomoe design would exorcize evil spirits.
This motif also has been used for family crests. For example, Hijikata Toshizou (土方歳三, 1835-1869), who is well-known vice commander of the Shinsen Gumi (新選組) uesd the Hidari Mitsu Domoe pattern, the same mark that you see in this Jingasa. There are other warriors who used the Tomoe design for their family crest. We propose it would be interesting to guess that this Jingasa had a relationship with which Samurai family.
Samurai Museum is located in Tokyo, Japan, exhibiting antique artifacts related to the Samurai history. Samurai Museum Shop is the place for those who are interested in Japanese culture and craftsmanship. We deal with antique Samurai swords/armor, traditional crafts made in Japan and so on.
【Antique Japanese helmet (Kabuto) and Export process】
After receiving the full payment from you, we will apply for its export permit from the Board of Education to legally export the helmet to other countries. It normally takes around 2-4 weeks to receive this permit. And we would like you to expect at least 1.0-1.5 months for your order to arrive at your given address after you ordered.
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We ship via EMS (Japanese Postal Service). It normally takes at least 5-14 days to receive any packages after you place an order. It might take longer depending on the season or custom clearance. We will inform your order’s tracking number via email.
*Please keep in mind there is possible delay expected in delivery with EMS in some countries due to the pandemic in the world. We offer free shipping only when we can ship by EMS.
【How to make sure the condition】
Please keep in mind that what you are going to purchase is an antique item. We uploaded high resolution photos for you to check its condition thoroughly. If you like to see more photos with different angles, please feel free to contact us. We will be happy to send them to you so that you can make informed decision. It is essential for us to know that you are happy with your choice of a sword. and we are prepared to use the best of our ability to serve you.
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【How To Preserve Antique Samurai Armor/Helmets】
Dryness, humidity, and bad ventilation might deteriorate the condition of antique Samurai armor/helmet. The best temperature to preserve Samurai armor/helmet is around 20℃ in Celsius, and humidity should be about 60%. Direct sunlight should be avoided. We recommend storing armors/helmets in a room with good ventilation. If you like to display them outside the boxes for a prolonged time, we suggest using a glass case in order for dust not to be accumulated easily. In case you don’t use a glass case, please make sure to regularly dust off from the armor/helmets by using a soft brush made of delicate cloth or brush for painting.
If you like to know more about the preservation of this armor, please feel free to contact us.