Antique Japanese Sword Katana Signed by Fujiwara Jyumyo with Tokubetsu Hozon Certificate
This blade was signed by Bishu Jyu Fujiwara Jyumyo (尾州藤原寿命). According to NBTHK, this blade was made during the early-mid Edo period. While its authentication paper does not mention the approximate age, we called NBTHK to confirm this information.
Bishu is also known as Owari province (尾張), located in today’s Aichi prefecture. Fujiwara Jyumyo resided in Bishu when he forged this blade.
The swordsmith name Jyumyo (Toshinaga) lasted five generations from the early-late Edo period in Owari province. This blade is the work of the later-gen Jyumyo during the early-Mid Edo period.
Owari Jyumyo school was founded by the first-gen Jyumyo, whose birth name was Kondo Sukezaemon (近藤助左衛門). The first-gen Jyumyo was born in the fifth year of the Tensho era (1575) in Mino province and moved to Owari province during the Keicho era (1596-1615). He signed as Ganmaku Jyumyo (岩捲寿命). He received the honorable title Tango no Kami (丹後守) in the second year of Kanei (1625). And, he started to serve Owari Tokugawa clan near Nagoya castle. The generations of Jyumyo forged blades for this clan by the end of the Edo period.
We assume there was much demand among high-class Samurai to order swords forged by Jyumyo because Owari province(today’s Aichi prefecture) was active in martial arts during the early-mid Edo period.
Furthermore, The name “JYUMYO” means life span or longevity. As it has great meaning, their swords were appreciated as gifts to feudal lords or high-class Samurai among the SAMURAI society.
The Origin of Jyumyo School
The JYUMYO school has its origins from YAMATO(NARA Pref.) and moved to Mino province in the KAMAKURA period. The tradition continued for centuries, right up until the end of the EDO period.
The MINO swordsmiths style, also known as MINO-DEN, basically has the TOGARI(Pointed shapes protruding from the Hamon )in a classic straight line and random temper line with some white Utsuri. MINO-DEN had its origin from YAMATO-DEN in the late KAMAKURA period(1280-1330). It flourished in the MUROMACHI period(1333-1573) and continued until the EDO period(1603-1868).
Due to the high demand for weapons, MINO-DEN exceedingly prospered during Sengoku Jidai(Warring State period). Moreover, the location of Mino province beat others. Akechi Mitsuhide controlled Mino province, Nobunaga Oda ruled Owari province, and Tokugawa Ieyasu was the lord of Suruga (Neighboring areas). There was high demand from those powerful feudal lords and their retainers. Furthermore, many wars occurred between the Kanto region and the Kyoto area.
Many feudal lords demanded swords forged in the Mino province. Mino is located in the middle, making feudal lords feel convenient to order swords from MINO-DEN. The blades forged in MINO provinces also had the reputation of their practical design and sharpness. The tradition of excellent sword forging skills had been passed to the Edo period, and Fujiwara Jyumyo in Owari province is a good example.
This blade is appraised as a Tokubetsu Hozon Token(特別保存刀剣) issued by NBTHK(Nihon Bijutsu Touken Hozon Kyokai:日本美術刀剣保存協会). This authentication paper was only given to authentic Japanese swords, especially well preserved and high quality with artistic value.
Cutting Edge Length(Nagasa)：67.0 cm(26.4 inches)
Curvature(Sori)： 2.12 cm( 0.83 inches)
The crystalline structure which forms along the cutting edge of a blade as a result of the hardening process
visible steel surface pattern created by folding and hammering during forging process
Nakago：Nakago is the tang of the Japanese sword.
Japanese swordsmiths left the black rust on the tang because it prevents red rust while the tang is in its handle. And the discoloration of the tang was created over time, and it is a great indicator for a Japanese sword specialist to estimate when the sword was forged.
Koshirae: Koshirae is the mounting of the Japanese sword. There are several parts that consist of Koshirae such as Saya(Scabbard), Tsuka(Handle), Tsuba(Handguard).
Fuchi-Kashira：A pair of matching sword fittings that cover the upper and bottom parts of its sword hilt.
This Fuchi Kashira has a simple look. You would find there are changes in the texture of the metal due to aging. We hope you will enjoy it as an antique texture.
Tsuka and Menuki：Tsuka is the handle of the Japanese sword and Menuki is its decoration.
It is challenging to judge the motif of this Menuki. By seeing its shape from the gaps of the Tsukamaki thread, we guess it is a kind of plant design. It seems golden paint was applied to a leaf-like part.
Tsuba and Habaki：Tsuba is the handguard for the Japanese Sword and Habaki is the equipment to make the blade not touch its scabbard inside. It prevents the blade from getting rusty and chipped.
This Tsuba looks gorgeous thanks to its golden coloring (probably gold or brass). Lots of plants are growing around the bridge. We would judge these flowers are the Kakitsubata (燕子花, rabbit-ear iris). Kakitsubatas color the waterside during their short flowering time; Japanese people have loved this elegant appearance since ancient times. This flower has been treated as a motif in various arts, such as poems or pictures.
There is a famous collection of Japanese poems that is called the Ise Monogatari (伊勢物語, The Tales of Ise). One of the well-known episodes in this book treats the Kakitsubata. The plot of the story is as follows. The protagonist no longer felt comfortable living in the city and decided to go to the eastern country, which was the countryside at that time. He left the town with his friends, and during the journey, one of them found that Kakitsubatas were blooming at the waterside. The protagonist was requested to write a poem using characters of the Kakitsubata (it is written as かきつばた in Hiragana character), and he responded to this challenging request. He composed a nostalgic poem, and it made them feel homesickness for their home or families. We could feel their importance when we are away from these things. Since this event happened at the Yatsuhashi (八橋, a bridge in which several narrow bridge boards are connected in a lightning-like shape to a pond or stream), the combination of the Kakitsubata and the Yatsuhashi became popular. This Tsuba’s theme might have been quoted from The Tales of Ise.
Saya： Saya is the scabbard for the Japanese sword.
This Saya has a decorative Kojiri (鐺). It is made of silvery metal, and the wave pattern is beautifully engraved semi-three-dimensionally. As waves’ movements continue endlessly, the wave pattern represents eternity, immortality, longevity, birth, etcetera. Also, since tides repeatedly change the shape and terrain of rocks, some people have hoped for a strong will by using this motif. People have used this pattern wishing for an indomitable spirit to rechallenge time and time without giving up. We imagine many Samurais favored this dynamic design.
Authentication Paper：NBTHK TOKUBETSU Hozon Certificate for the blade (No. 1015447)
NBTHK, also known as Nihon Bijutsu Touken Hozon Kyokai (the Society for the Preservation of the Japan Art Sword), is one of the oldest Japanese sword appraising organizations in modern-day Japan. They authenticated the blade on May 24th in the third year of Reiwa (2021). They appraised it as Tokubetsu Hozon Touken, the blade especially worth preserving for Japanese society. The purchaser will receive these original certificates as well. We can also translate what is written into English and make a PDF file for your record if you request.
Registration Number : Tokyo 55029
The Board of Education in Tokyo prefecture issued a registration paper for this sword . It is called Jyu Token Rui Torokusho(銃刀剣類登録証). Bunkacho(The Agency for Cultural Affairs) acknowledges a Japanese sword with this paper as a work of art.
The sword needs to be traditionally hand-forged and made of Tamahagane carbon steel to be registered in the system. With this paper, its owner in Japan can legally own an authentic Japanese sword. Based on this registration number, we will apply for its export permit.
This paper will need to be returned to the board of education when the sword is being shipped abroad, but you can receive a copy of it. An English translation of this registration paper is available on request.
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【Japanese Sword& Export Process】
The Japanese swords we deal with are hand-forged edged swords made in Japan. It was made from the traditional carbon steel called TAMAHAGANE(玉鋼). Samurai Museum is familiar with the proper legal procedure for an antique/ authentic Japanese sword to be exported from Japan. We have sent more than 350 Japanese swords to amazing owners who appreciate its historical value.
Each Japanese sword is registered under the Agency for Cultural Affairs and the Board of Education in Japan.They issue a registration paper for each Japanese sword for its owner in Japan to legally possess it. The Japanese sword with its registration paper means it was traditionally hand-forged in Japan.
To legally export the sword from Japan to other countries, we will have to apply for its permit to the Agency for Cultural Affairs(Bunkacho) and return the original registration paper to the Board of Education. It normally takes around 2-4 weeks to receive this permit after submitting required documents. And we would like you to expect at least 1-1.5 months for your order to arrive at your given address after you ordered. For more detailed info, please click here.
It is allowed for residents in Japan to own authentic Japanese swords without a special license as long as they come with registration papers. Please feel free to contact us if you are a resident of Japan, whether temporarily or permanently. We will also assist you when you leave Japan and need to obtain the export permit.
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We normally ship by EMS(Express Mail Service) provided by Japan Post. When we receive an order from the Canada we will use FedEx instead as EMS temporarily stops shipping from Japan to those countries due to COVID-19.
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It will normally takes 5-14 days for the item to arrive at your given address after we dispatch it. Time of delivery is estimated as accurately as possible by the carrier but does not take into account any delays beyond our control such as by inclement weather, post office holiday seasons.
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【How to make sure the condition】
Please keep in mind that what you are going to purchase is an antique item. We uploaded high resolution photos for you to check its condition thoroughly. If you like to see more photos with different angles, please feel free to contact us. We will be happy to send them to you so that you can make informed decision. It is essential for us to know that you are happy with your choice of a sword. and we are prepared to use the best of our ability to serve you.
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【The Art of Nihonto(Japanese Sword)】
Samurai’s history is a profound, eloquent legacy of ancient Japanese warriors in which millions of people worldwide are being fascinated. If you like to find out the art of Nihonto, please click here.
【A Guide to Japanese Sword Maintenance】
After acquiring an genuine Japanese sword, it is also important to know how to take good care of it. Here is the special video for you. Mr. Paul Martin, Japanese sword expert, shows you how to give proper maintenance to your sword. By mastering how to clean the Japanese sword, its aesthetic beauty will last forever.
When you purchase a Japanese sword from us, you can get a Free Japanese sword maintenance kit. It comes with four tools(Choji Oil, Uchiko Powder, Peg remover, Oil Applicator). By watching the video instruction above , you can enjoy learning how to maintain your Japanese sword while appreciating it.
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